Diabetes Specialist

Stephen M. Herman, MD

Internal Medicine located in Savannah, GA

Over 100 million American adults now have diabetes or prediabetes. Whether you’re dealing with type 1, type 2, or pre-diabetes, it’s important to get the diagnosis and treatment you need now to preserve your health long-term. At his Savannah, Georgia, practice, Stephen M. Herman, MD, LLC, highly-experienced physician Stephen M. Herman, MD, can support and guide you through the diabetic care you need, now and in the future. Book now through the online tool or by phone.

Diabetes Q & A

What are type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood, or you may have it at the time of birth. If you suffer from type 1 diabetes, your body doesn't make the insulin you need for healthy glucose levels. You can't prevent type 1 diabetes, but you can work closely with Dr. Herman to maintain good health.

Type 2 diabetes usually starts in adulthood, and it's preventable. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does make insulin, but you don't process it properly. This is known as insulin resistance. If you're at-risk for type 2 diabetes, you can work with Dr. Herman to prevent the disease.

Am I at-risk for type 2 diabetes?

Knowing your risk factors can be key to type 2 diabetes prevention. The main risk factors are as follows:

  • Extra weight, especially obesity
  • Lack of activity
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • High cholesterol

There are also several uncontrollable risk factors, including:

  • Being over 45 years of age
  • Having African American, Alaskan, American Indian, Asian, or Hispanic ethnicity
  • Having a family history of diabetes

Dr. Herman can help you manage the controllable factors so you have the best chance of avoiding type 2 diabetes if you're at risk.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

The glycated hemoglobin (A1C) blood test checks your blood sugar levels over the last few months. The A1C test is simple and easy because you don't need to fast beforehand and it requires just a small blood sample.

Your A1C results indicate whether you're pre-diabetic, diabetic, or have healthy blood sugar levels. If you do have diabetes, Dr. Herman can start your treatment right away.

What is the treatment for diabetes?

If you have type 1 diabetes, you have to supplement insulin through injections or an insulin pump to stay healthy. If you have type 2 diabetes, your treatment depends on your blood sugar levels, your overall health, and your symptoms.

Sometimes, changes like an improved diet and consistent exercise can help you manage type 2 diabetes without medication. But, you may need daily medication, along with lifestyle changes.

A healthy lifestyle is important, whether you use supplemental insulin or not.

Diabetes doesn't have to mean poor health any longer. Work with Dr. Herman at Stephen M. Herman, MD, LLC to enjoy optimal health by using the online appointment tool or calling the office today.